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Our question

What are the consequences of the ‘Law on the Protection of Minors against the Detrimental Effect of Public Information’?
Censorship of informational gay websites
Moral damage to the LGBT community
Second class citizenship
Increased discrimination at schools
No consequences at all

Conferences, researches

Homophobia and Discrimination of LGBT in Lithuania
 
The aim of this research project is twofold. First, it is aimed at exploring homophobia and discrimination from the point of view of Lithuanian LGBT people. Qualitative semi-structured interviews with Lithuanian gays and lesbians are conducted in order to get a deeper understanding of experiences of homophobia and discrimination both in private and public spheres. The second stage of the research is concerned with the analysis of public opinion and attitudes. The quantitative survey of Lithuanians will seek for uncovering the level of tolerance with regard to equality of LGBT.
 
 
Research Covers the Following Topics:
 
The Personal Experiences of Discrimination in Different Working Life Contexts by Lesbians and and Gays in Lithuania
The questions surrounding lesbians’ and gays’ discrimination in labor market is a relatively invisible theme in Lithuanian social and political discourse on equal opportunities in working life. It is mostly discussed as a gendered or, sometimes, ageist issue, while more elaborated intersectional approach to discrimination is clearly lacking. Sexual orientation is treated as a private issue, thus not a subject of disclosure at work environment. Lithuania, as the most homophobic society in an enlarged Europe, provides a unique context to grasp the severity of the heterosexism and its institutional normalization and legitimation at work. The study which is based on 30 in-depth interviews of gays and lesbians in Lithuania aims to explore how lesbians and gays construct their career decision making and their sexual identity at work. How is it reflected in their choices to stay in the closet (to be invisible) versus come out (to be integrated or excluded)? How the (dis)closure affects lesbians’ and gays’ job satisfaction and their coping strategies at work? These are the questions which will be elaborated in the research.
 
How do Lithuanian gays and lesbians talk about Homophobia and Its Prevention?
In the framework of the Equal project qualitative in- depth interviews with gays and lesbians were conducted with the aim to analyze how sexual minorities experience homophobia and discrimination. As homophobia operates within four distinct and interrelated levels: the personal, interpersonal, the institutional and the cultural (W. J. Blumenfeld) the research deals with both theoretical and methodological question of how can we deconstruct homophobic experiences from biographies of homosexual people. Taking into account the distinction between the life history and life story (G. Rosenthal) we raise a question - what methodological problems arise in studying homophobia from the perspectives of individual life course. Furthermore, the issue of homophobia prevention is becoming very important issue in the narratives of LGBT in Lithuania. Therefore, this research stage addresses different ways and strategies of homophobia prevention, heteronormativity and public policy related to LBGT’s rights in Lithuania.
 
Case Coming Out, Gay Male Identity and Intimate Citizenship: The Lithuanian case
Analyzing Lithuanian gay men’s view of public/private divide, we ask how gay men perform their masculinities in public and private settings and how they align themselves with being public. What anxieties over citizenship and sexual boundaries are reflected in their life histories? This research stage starts from the premise that “intimate (sexual) citizenship” can be considered as a fourth aspect of citizenship in addition to the traditional Marshallian model of political, social and civic rights (Plummer 1995). Plummer conceptualizes it as rights to choose what people do with their bodies, emotions, relationships, gender identities and desires. Gay men life stories comprise the context for the emergence of the intimate citizen because these stories tell of exclusion based on sexuality, gender, body, fear, publicity and publicness in the post-Soviet Lithuania. Since the heteronormative public is still exclusive of homosexuality, most interviewed men attempt to pass as heterosexual in the public sphere. These “limited citizens” feel a strong need “to preserve a boundary between what can be said and done in public, what can be done in private but not spoken of in public” (Lauren Berlant 1997). The contradictory choices of respondents are characteristic of “limited“ intimate citizenship (and citizenship in general) in Lithuania: on one hand, they strive for greater integration of their sexual and erotic experiences into cultural narratives of citizenship; on the other hand, absorbing normative sexual and gender disciplines they succumb to conservative appeals to privatized sexual and gender identities.
 
Shifts in public and private spaces: homosexual people in soviet and postsoviet Lithuania
One of the tasks of this research stage is to show how the spaces of public/private shifted during the transformational processes in postsoviet Lithuania, what were the reasons of these changes and how they influenced the life of homosexuals. Transformation in the sphere of gender and sexuality was impacted by the change of historical situation in Lithuania where homosexuality was met with great attention in society. It has been constantly elaborated, discussed and it became visible in the public space, though it seems as if gays and lesbians stay out of all this. How could one describe the “silent“ life in public spaces of this population? The stories of life and experiences of homosexuals help us to understand them better, as well as to understand the soviet and postsoviet society in Lithuania. Together with the processes which were on earlier and which are progressing now and it also helps to explain new phenomena. The problem of this research paper concentrates on the divergent communal interests of homosexuals and their exclusiveness caused by various forms of discrimination which are hidden, not publicly recognized or received political attention. These forms of discrimination are governed by heteronormativity and related by the negative attitudes towards homosexuals in the society. What can homosexuals tell about themselves and their lives in soviet and postsoviet Lithuania? What continuities or changes do they see? How they look upon living in homophobic and heteronormative society?
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